A moon by definition is a natural satellite of some planet. However, there is only one moon that is important and mysterious enough to be called “The Moon”. It is the only Moon in the universe that is not only known for orbiting a planet where living beings are found, but it is also in many ways directly responsible for sustaining life on that planet.
However, we know less about our Moon than we might expect. Scientists and astronomers have long debated about the origins of the Moon, and considered it one of the more enigmatic members of our solar system.
These enigmas include the fact that the Moon and the Earth are the largest planet moon system in the solar system, with the Moon being about ¼ the size of the Earth. The Moon also has a very odd orbit, being in tidal lock with Earth. This means that only one side of the Moon is always facing the Earth, and that the far side of the Moon – also referred to as the ‘dark’ side, is permanently hidden from the planet’s surface.
Another strange fact about the Moon is that it appears to be the same size as the Sun from Earth’s perspective. This is due to the Moon being 1/400 the size of the sun, and exactly 1/400 the distance between the Earth and the Sun. As a result, during a complete eclipse, the Moon disk is perfectly – not more and not less, covering the disk of the Sun, and causing the Corona Phenomena.
This suggests that the Moon is in fact placed into an artificial orbit around our planet.
It is unusual enough that the Moon and Earth are so close in size, and that a planet as relatively small as the Earth – in comparison to Jupiter or Saturn, and as a relatively minimal gravitational field as it has to actually capture and lock a body like the Moon in such a precise and odd orbit.
Scientists have come up with several interesting theories about the origins of the Moon. But none of them adequately explain everything about it.
The first is the Fission Theory, which proposes that the Moon was once part of the Earth and somehow separated from the Earth early in the history of the solar system. The problem with this theory is that it does not explain the extra baking that the lunar surface had received at some point in its past. If the Moon had formed from the Earth, then the Earth should have suffered the extra baking heat as well. But there is no evidence for this on Earth.
The second theory is the Capture Theory, which suggests that the Moon was formed somewhere else in the solar system, and was later captured by the gravitational field of the Earth. The Moon’s chemical composition could be explained if this was the case, but the problem with this theory is that capture into the Moon’s present orbit is improbable. Something would have to slow it down by just the right amount at just the right time, and scientists are reluctant to believe in such “fine tuning”.
The third theory is the Condensation Theory, which proposes that the Moon and the Earth condensed individually from the nebula that formed the solar system, with the Moon formed in orbit around the Earth. The problem with theory is that if the Moon was formed in the Vicinity of Earth, it should have nearly the same composition. Specifically, the Moon should also have an iron core, and it does not.
The fourth and most recent theory is the Giant Impact Theory, which suggests that a Mars-sized planet had struck the Earth shortly after the formation of the solar system, ejecting large volumes of heated materials from the outer layers of both objects. A disk of orbiting materials was formed and eventually stuck together to form the Moon in orbit around the Earth. This theory explains why the Moon is made mostly of rock, and how the rock was excessively heated, but the problem here is that isotopes for the Earth and the Moon are identical. This would not be the case if a planet had crashed into the Earth.
None of the aforementioned theories also explain the fact that despite the Moon being about ¼ the size of the Earth, its density however, is far less than that of Earth, with the Earth being 81 times heavier than the Moon.
In 1970, Michael Vasin and Alexander Shcherbakov of the early Soviet Academy of Sciences advanced a hypothesis that the Moon is a constructed body – a spaceship, created by unknown intelligent beings. The article was published in the Soviet “Sputnik” Magazine under the title: “Is the Moon the Creation of Alien Intelligence”.
The two scientists theory relies heavily on the suggestion that large lunar craters, generally assumed to be formed from meteor impact, are generally too shallow and have flat or even convex bottoms. This suggests that something is stopping these impacts from going too deep, and that large meteors are in fact drilling through a rocky layer and end up hitting an armoured hull underneath the lunar’s crust.
The fact that the Moon’s density is far less than that of Earth also heavily supports this theory.
After studying the Moon’s motion in 1962, Dr. Gordon MacDonald, a top scientist at NASA, said: “if the astronomical data is reduced, it is found that the data require that the interior of the Moon is less dense than the outer parts.”
“Indeed, it would seem that the Moon is more like a hollow than a homogeneous sphere.
During the Apollo mission between 1969 and 1977, seismometers were installed on the surface of the Moon to record moonquakes. When Apollo 12 deliberately crashed the Ascent Stage of its lunar module onto the Moon surface, the shockwave of the crash vibrated for over 55 minutes. The Moon rang like a bell for almost one hour, reported NASA, leading to arguments that the Moon must be hollow from the inside.
Dr. Sean C. Solomon of Massachusetts Institute of Technology said after studying the gravitational field of the moon via the Lunar Orbiter missions: “The Lunar Orbiter experiments vastly improved our knowledge of the Moon’s gravitational field, indicating the frightening possibility that the Moon might be hollow.”
In the 13th chapter of his book, “The Moon”, famed astronomer H.P Wilkins Patrick Moore says: “Everything points to a more or less hollow nature of the crust within some 20 to 30 miles of the surface.”